Peruvian Air Force - Machtres Fighters

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Peruvian Air Force

Planes > Air Forces

Active 1929 (as Peruvian Aviation Corps)
Country Peru
Part of Ministry of Defense

Colombia–Peru War
Ecuadorian-Peruvian war (1941)
Paquisha War
Cenepa War

Carlos Eduardo Samamé Quiñones
Chief of Staff Walter Milenko Vojvodic Vargas
Inspector General Pedro Joaquin Seabra Pinedo


Aircraft flown
Su-25, A-37B
Fighter MiG-29, Mirage 2000
Attack helicopter Mi-25D
Patrol C-26B
Reconnaissance Learjet 36
Trainer MB-339, EMB-312, Zlin 242L
Transport An-32B, C-130 Hercules, Y-12, Boeing 737, DHC-6, PC-6

001-- -- 002---- 003---- 004 -  - 005


On May 20, 1929, the aviation divisions of the Peruvian Army and Navy were merged into the Cuerpo de Aviación del Perú (Peruvian Aviation Corps, abbreviated CAP). During the Colombia-Peru War of 1933, its Vought O2U Corsair and Curtiss F11C Hawk planes fought in the Amazon region. The CAP lost three aircraft to the Colombian Air Force . The corps was renamed Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú (Peruvian Aeronautical Corps, also abbreviated CAP) on March 12, 1936. In 1941, the CAP participated in the Peruvian-Ecuadorian War. At that time, the CAP were equipped with Caproni Ca.114 and North American NA.50 Torito fighters, Douglas DB-8A-3P attack aircraft, and Caproni Ca.135 Tipo Peru and Caproni Ca.310 Libeccio bombers,[1] among others.

During the presidency of Manuel A. Odría the corps was reorganized again and on July 18, 1950 it became the Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Air Force of Peru, abbreviated FAP). In the 1950s the FAP was modernized to the jet age with the arrival of the English Electric Canberra bombers and the Hawker Hunter, Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star and North American F-86 Sabre fighters. The service underwent a period of considerable expansion through out the 1970s and early 1980s which included the acquisition of French-made Dassault Mirage 5P and 5DP, U.S. made Cessna A-37B Dragonfly attack aircraft, Lockheed C-130 and L-100-20 Hercules transport aircraft, and the introduction of an important number of Soviet-made aircraft, including Sukhoi Su-22 bombers and Antonov An-26 and An-32 transport aircraft, as well as Mil Mi-8, Mi-17 and Mi-25 helicopters. In 1982, during the Falklands War, the Peruvian Air Force transferred ten of their Mirage 5P to the Argentine Air Force as a measure of solidarity. The economic crisis of the later 1980s forced reductions in the fleet size as well as cuts in training and general readiness.

Under those conditions the FAP fought the Cenepa War against Ecuador in 1995 and lost five planes and helicopters. After the war, in 1996 the FAP acquired MiG-29 fighters and in 1998 Su-25 attack fighters arrived, which along with Mirage 2000 fighters acquired in the late 1980s, are currently the main combat elements of the FAP.


The current Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force of Peru is General Carlos Eduardo Samamé Quiñones. Aerial forces are subordinated to the Ministry of Defense and ultimately to the President as Commander-in-Chief of the Peruvian Armed Forces. Operational units are organized as follows:

Ala Aérea Nº 11st Air Wing, headquartered at Piura

Grupo Aéreo Nº 6 (6th Air Group) based at Chiclayo
Escuadrón Aéreo 612 (Fighter Squadron 612 "Fighters Cocks") - operating MiG-29S/SE/UB
Grupo Aéreo Nº 7 (7th Air Group) based at Piura
Escuadrón Aéreo 711 (Fighter Squadron 711 "Scorpions") - operating A-37B
Grupo Aéreo Nº 11 (11th Air Group) based at Talara
Escuadrón Aéreo 112 (Fighter Squadron 112 "Tigers") - operating Su-25/UB

Ala Aérea Nº 22nd Air Wing, headquartered at Callao

Grupo Aéreo Nº 3 (3rd Air Group) based at Callao
Escuadrón Aéreo 332 (Medium-Airlift Helicopter Squadron 332) - operating Mi-17, Bell 212 and Bell 412
Escuadrón Aéreo 333 (Helicopter Training Squadron 333) - operating Schweizer 300
Grupo Aéreo Nº 8 (8th Air Group) based at Callao
Escuadrón Aéreo 811 (Transport Squadron 811) - operating B-737, An-32 and L-100

Ala Aérea Nº 33rd Air Wing, headquartered at Arequipa

Grupo Aéreo Nº 2 (2nd Air Group) based at Vítor
Escuadrón Aéreo 211 (Attack Helicopter Squadron 211) - operating Mi-25D
Grupo Aéreo Nº 4 (4th Air Group) based at La Joya
Escuadrón Aéreo 411 (Fighter Squadron 411 "Hawks") - operating Mirage 2000P/DP
Escuadrón Aéreo 513 (Advance Training Squadron 513) - operating MB-339AP [on loan from 51st Air Group]
Grupo Aéreo Nº 51 (51st Air Group) based at Pisco
Escuadrón Aéreo 511 (Basic Training Squadron 511) - operating Zlin 242L
Escuadrón Aéreo 512 (Intermediate Training Squadron 512) - operating AT-27

Ala Aérea Nº 55th Air Wing, headquartered at Iquitos

Grupo Aéreo Nº 42 (42nd Air Group) based at Iquitos
Escuadron Aereo 421 (Transport Squadron 421) - operating PC-6, DHC-6 and Y-12

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Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
MiG-29 Russia multirole   19  
Sukhoi Su-25 Russia attack   18  
Cessna A-37 United States attack   24  
Dassault Mirage 2000 France multirole 2000P 9  
C-26 Metroliner United States surveillance / COMINT   2
donated by the U.S. for anti-drug operations
Learjet 35 United States photomapping U-36 1  
Boeing 737 United States VIP   1  
Metro 23 United States VIP / utility   1  
C-27J Spartan Italy transport    
Antonov An-32 Ukraine transport   3  
DHC-6 Twin Otter Canada utility transport   15 STOL capable aircraft
Lockheed L-100 United States transport   2  
Pilatus PC-6 Switzerland utility / transport   1 STOL capable aircraft
Bell 412 United States utility   3  
Bell 212 United States utility   3  
Mil Mi-17 Russia utility Mi-17/171 11  
Mil Mi-24 Russia attack Mi-24/35 16  
MBB Bo 105 Germany utility   2  
Trainer Aircraft
EMB 312 Tucano Brazil trainer   17  
KAI KT-1 Republic of Korea primary trainer   11  
Aermacchi MB-339 Italy jet trainer   5  
Dassault Mirage 2000 France conversion trainer 2000DP 2  
CH2000 United States trainer   6  
Sikorsky S-300 United States trainer   6
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