Peruvian Air Force - Machtres Fighters

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Peruvian Air Force

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Active 1929 (as Peruvian Aviation Corps)
Country Peru
Part of Ministry of Defense

Colombia–Peru War
Ecuadorian-Peruvian war (1941)
Paquisha War
Cenepa War

Carlos Eduardo Samamé Quiñones
Chief of Staff Walter Milenko Vojvodic Vargas
Inspector General Pedro Joaquin Seabra Pinedo


Aircraft flown
Su-25, A-37B
Fighter MiG-29, Mirage 2000
Attack helicopter Mi-25D
Patrol C-26B
Reconnaissance Learjet 36
Trainer MB-339, EMB-312, Zlin 242L
Transport An-32B, C-130 Hercules, Y-12, Boeing 737, DHC-6, PC-6

001-- -- 002---- 003---- 004 -  - 005


On May 20, 1929, the aviation divisions of the Peruvian Army and Navy were merged into the Cuerpo de Aviación del Perú (Peruvian Aviation Corps, abbreviated CAP). During the Colombia-Peru War of 1933, its Vought O2U Corsair and Curtiss F11C Hawk planes fought in the Amazon region. The CAP lost three aircraft to the Colombian Air Force . The corps was renamed Cuerpo Aeronáutico del Perú (Peruvian Aeronautical Corps, also abbreviated CAP) on March 12, 1936. In 1941, the CAP participated in the Peruvian-Ecuadorian War. At that time, the CAP were equipped with Caproni Ca.114 and North American NA.50 Torito fighters, Douglas DB-8A-3P attack aircraft, and Caproni Ca.135 Tipo Peru and Caproni Ca.310 Libeccio bombers,[1] among others.

During the presidency of Manuel A. Odría the corps was reorganized again and on July 18, 1950 it became the Fuerza Aérea del Perú (Air Force of Peru, abbreviated FAP). In the 1950s the FAP was modernized to the jet age with the arrival of the English Electric Canberra bombers and the Hawker Hunter, Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star and North American F-86 Sabre fighters. The service underwent a period of considerable expansion through out the 1970s and early 1980s which included the acquisition of French-made Dassault Mirage 5P and 5DP, U.S. made Cessna A-37B Dragonfly attack aircraft, Lockheed C-130 and L-100-20 Hercules transport aircraft, and the introduction of an important number of Soviet-made aircraft, including Sukhoi Su-22 bombers and Antonov An-26 and An-32 transport aircraft, as well as Mil Mi-8, Mi-17 and Mi-25 helicopters. In 1982, during the Falklands War, the Peruvian Air Force transferred ten of their Mirage 5P to the Argentine Air Force as a measure of solidarity. The economic crisis of the later 1980s forced reductions in the fleet size as well as cuts in training and general readiness.

Under those conditions the FAP fought the Cenepa War against Ecuador in 1995 and lost five planes and helicopters. After the war, in 1996 the FAP acquired MiG-29 fighters and in 1998 Su-25 attack fighters arrived, which along with Mirage 2000 fighters acquired in the late 1980s, are currently the main combat elements of the FAP.


The current Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force of Peru is General Carlos Eduardo Samamé Quiñones. Aerial forces are subordinated to the Ministry of Defense and ultimately to the President as Commander-in-Chief of the Peruvian Armed Forces. Operational units are organized as follows:

Ala Aérea Nº 11st Air Wing, headquartered at Piura

Grupo Aéreo Nº 6 (6th Air Group) based at Chiclayo
Escuadrón Aéreo 612 (Fighter Squadron 612 "Fighters Cocks") - operating MiG-29S/SE/UB
Grupo Aéreo Nº 7 (7th Air Group) based at Piura
Escuadrón Aéreo 711 (Fighter Squadron 711 "Scorpions") - operating A-37B
Grupo Aéreo Nº 11 (11th Air Group) based at Talara
Escuadrón Aéreo 112 (Fighter Squadron 112 "Tigers") - operating Su-25/UB

Ala Aérea Nº 22nd Air Wing, headquartered at Callao

Grupo Aéreo Nº 3 (3rd Air Group) based at Callao
Escuadrón Aéreo 332 (Medium-Airlift Helicopter Squadron 332) - operating Mi-17, Bell 212 and Bell 412
Escuadrón Aéreo 333 (Helicopter Training Squadron 333) - operating Schweizer 300
Grupo Aéreo Nº 8 (8th Air Group) based at Callao
Escuadrón Aéreo 811 (Transport Squadron 811) - operating B-737, An-32 and L-100

Ala Aérea Nº 33rd Air Wing, headquartered at Arequipa

Grupo Aéreo Nº 2 (2nd Air Group) based at Vítor
Escuadrón Aéreo 211 (Attack Helicopter Squadron 211) - operating Mi-25D
Grupo Aéreo Nº 4 (4th Air Group) based at La Joya
Escuadrón Aéreo 411 (Fighter Squadron 411 "Hawks") - operating Mirage 2000P/DP
Escuadrón Aéreo 513 (Advance Training Squadron 513) - operating MB-339AP [on loan from 51st Air Group]
Grupo Aéreo Nº 51 (51st Air Group) based at Pisco
Escuadrón Aéreo 511 (Basic Training Squadron 511) - operating Zlin 242L
Escuadrón Aéreo 512 (Intermediate Training Squadron 512) - operating AT-27

Ala Aérea Nº 55th Air Wing, headquartered at Iquitos

Grupo Aéreo Nº 42 (42nd Air Group) based at Iquitos
Escuadron Aereo 421 (Transport Squadron 421) - operating PC-6, DHC-6 and Y-12

Aircraft Type Version In service Notes
Fighter Aircraft
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 tactical fighter
tactical fighter
multirole fighter
fighter trainer
Contract signed on August 12, 2008 for US$ 106 million with Mikoyan for a custom-made SMT upgrade of eight MiG-29 called MiG-29SMP.

In February 10, 2011 the Peruvian Air Force CiC announced the deliver of the eight MiG-29SMP plus additional 4 MiG-29BM, acquired and upgraded to the SMP standard in Belarus.

Dassault Mirage 2000 multirole fighter Mirage 2000P
Mirage 2000DP
An US$ 140 million budget was announced in Le Bourget Airshow 2009 to invest in the recovery of the Mirage 2000 fleet.
Attack Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-25 attack aircraft Su-25
The Su-25UB fleet was upgraded for SEAD role between 2004-2005 under the Comadreja program
Cessna A-37 Dragonfly light attack aircraft A-37B 18 10 upgraded with U.S. anti-drug assistance, with work on six complete by late 2002, and the rest to be completed by the end of that year. 8 aircraft and the same number of engines were donated by South Korea on February 3, 2010.
Trainer Aircraft
Aermacchi MB-339 lead-in fighter trainer MB-339AP 14 16 delivered 1981-1982; local production program cancelled
Embraer EMB 312 Tucano intermediate trainer AT-27 18 first 20 ordered and delivered 1987, replaced T-37Cs; 10 more acquired in 1992; some used also in interceptor role for drug-interdiction flights; at least three lost to attrition.
Zlin Z 142 basic trainer Zlin 242L 15 delivery before July 1998; one lost in April, 2003.
Piper PA-34 Seneca multi-engine trainer PA-34-200T Seneca II 1  
Reconnaissance Aircraft
Fairchild C-26 Metroliner surveillance C-26B 3 Donated for anti-drug role by U.S.; reconditioned for aerial surveillance with a FLIR turret (1 in storage)
Learjet 36 reconnaissance Learjet 36A 2  
Rockwell Turbo Commander 690 reconnaissance Turbo Commander 690B 1 current status unknown
Transport Aircraft
Boeing 737 transport
VIP transport
Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport L-100-20 5 3 in storage
Antonov An-32 transport An-32B 5  
Harbin Y-12 transport Y-12 II 5 Ordered in 1991 and scheduled to be delivered by the end of that year; one lost April 1995 in crash on takeoff from Iquitos, three crew killed. All presumed non-operational.
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter utility aircraft
utility aircraft
contract signed in November 2010; to be deiivered from June 2011 through 2014.
Pilatus PC-6 liaison PC-6B Turbo Porter 9  
Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter Mi-25D 16 twelve Mi-25s delivered in 1982; seven Mi-25s were procured from Nicaragua in 1992, one Mi-25 shot down by Ecuadoran SA-16 in 1995; two crashed in collision in August 1995 near Arequipa
Mil Mi-35 attack helicopter Mi-35P 2 two Mi-35 initially ordered in late 2010 for COIN duties in the VRAE jungle. A second, undetermined batch is expected to be acquired in the near future
Mil Mi-17 transport helicopter Mi-17 14  
Mil Mi-171 transport helicopter Mi-171Sh 0+3 six Mi-171Sh were acquired along with the Mi-35P, three for the Air Force and the rest for the Peruvian Army. A second, undetermined batch is expected to be acquired in the near future
Schweizer 300 utility helicopter Schweizer 300C 6  
Bölkow Bo 105 utility helicopter Bo-105LS 5 six delivered in 1991
Bell 212 utility helicopter Bell 212 6  
Bell 412 utility helicopter Bell 412EP 1 originally two, second unit fate is unknown

   Recently retired aircraft

Aircraft Type Version In service Notes
Sukhoi Su-22 attack aircraft Su-22M3
In storage, awaiting disposal
English Electric Canberra bomber aircraft B.Mk.12/56/68
Retired from inventory on June 14, 2008
Dassault Mirage 5 attack aircraft Mirage 5P4
Mirage 5DP4
Retired from inventory on June 14, 2008
Fokker F-28 transport F-28-1000 1 Former presidential transport. Transferred to TANS Perú and lost in 2003. See TANS Peru Flight 222.
Dassault Falcon 20 VIP transport Falcon 20F 1 Lost on June 19 in Chiclayo.
Douglas DC-8 transport DC-8-62CF 2 Grounded, awaiting disposal
Boeing 707 aerial refueling
707-323KC 1 Grounded, awaiting disposal
Lear Jet 25 light transport
Lear Jet 25B 2 Retired in May 1999
Aerospatiale AS.350 Ecureuil utility helicopter AS.350 Ecureuil 1 Retired by 1995
Bell 206 Jet Ranger utility helicopter Bell 206 1 Retired by 1995
Bell 214ST utility/transport helicopter Bell 214ST 2 Retired by 1995
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