American Aircraft Carriers - Nimitz Class - Machtres Fighters

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American Aircraft Carriers - Nimitz Class

Aircraft Carriers
US AIRCRAFT CARRIER LIST

      Aircraft Carriers - CV/CVN

# Name Commissioned Class Status
CV-1 Langley 1922 Langley-class, lead ship Sunk February 1942 65 nm south of Cilacap, Java
CV-2 Lexington 1927 Lexington-class, lead ship Sunk May 1942 in the Battle of the Coral Sea
CV-3 Saratoga 1927 Lexington-class Sunk July 1946 in Operation Crossroads as a nuclear test target
CV-4 Ranger 1934 Ranger-class, lead ship Scrapped
CV-5 Yorktown 1937 Yorktown-class, lead ship Sunk June 1942 in the Battle of Midway
CV-6 Enterprise 1938 Yorktown-class Scrapped
CV-7 Wasp 1940 Wasp-class, lead ship Sunk September 1942 during the Guadalcanal campaign
CV-8 Hornet 1941 Yorktown-class Sunk October 1942 in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands
CV-9 b) Essex 1942 Essex-class, lead ship Scrapped
CV-10 b) Yorktown 1943 Essex-class Patriot's Point Naval & Maritime Museum-Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA
CV-11 b) Intrepid 1943 Essex-class Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum-New York, New York, USA
CV-12 b) Hornet 1943 Essex-class USS Hornet Museum-Alameda, California
CV-13 b) Franklin 1944 Essex-class Scrapped
CV-14 b) Ticonderoga 1944 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-15 b) Randolph 1944 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-16 d) Lexington 1943 Essex-class USS Lexington Museum On the Bay- Corpus Christi, Texas
CV-17 b) Bunker Hill 1943 Essex-class Scrapped
CV-18 b) Wasp 1943 Essex-class Scrapped
CV-19 Hancock 1944 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-20 b) Bennington 1944 Essex-class Scrapped
CV-21 c) Boxer 1945 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CVL-22 Independence 1943 Independence-class light carrier, lead ship Scuttled 1951
CVL-23 Princeton 1943 Independence-class Sunk, October 1944, Battle of Leyte Gulf
CVL-24 Belleau Wood 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-25 Cowpens 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-26 Monterey 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-27 Langley 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-28 Cabot 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-29 Bataan 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CVL-30 San Jacinto 1943 Independence-class Scrapped
CV-31 b) Bon Homme Richard 1944 Essex-class Scrapped
CV-32 b) Leyte 1946 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-33 b) Kearsarge 1946 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-34 Oriskany 1950 Long hull Essex-class Scuttled as an artificial reef, May 2006 in the Gulf of Mexico
CV-35 Reprisal Canceled
(August 11, 1945)
Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-36 b) Antietam 1945 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-37 c) Princeton 1945 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-38 b) Shangri-la 1944 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-39 b) Lake Champlain 1945 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-40 b) Tarawa 1945 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CVB-41 a) Midway 1945 Midway-class, lead ship USS Midway Museum-San Diego, California, USA
CVB-42 a) Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 Midway-class Scrapped
CVB-43 a) Coral Sea 1947 Midway-class Scrapped
CVB-44   Canceled Midway-class Canceled
CV-45 c) Valley Forge 1946 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CV-46 Iwo Jima Canceled
(August 11, 1945)
Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-47 b) Philippine Sea 1946 Long hull Essex-class Scrapped
CVL-48 Saipan 1946 Saipan-class, lead ship Scrapped
CVL-49 Wright 1946 Saipan-class Scrapped
CV-50   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-51   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-52   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-53   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-54   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CV-55   Canceled Long hull Essex-class Canceled
CVB-56   Canceled Midway-class Canceled
CVB-57   Canceled Midway-class Canceled
CVA-58 United States Canceled
(April 18, 1949)
United States-class, lead ship Canceled
CV-59 Forrestal 1955 Forrestal-class supercarrier, lead ship Decommissioned, awaiting disposal-Docked at NISMF, Philadelphia, PA
CV-60 Saratoga 1956 Forrestal-class supercarrier Decommissioned, awaiting disposal-Docked at NS Newport, RI
CV-61 Ranger 1957 Forrestal-class supercarrier Decommissioned, on donation hold-Docked at NISMF, Bremerton, WA
CV-62 Independence 1959 Forrestal-class supercarrier Decommissioned, awaiting disposal-Docked at NISMF, Bremerton, WA
CV-63 Kitty Hawk 1961 Kitty Hawk-class supercarrier, lead ship Decommissioned, In Reserve until 2015-Docked at NISMF, Bremerton, WA
CV-64 Constellation 1961 Kitty Hawk-class supercarrier Decommissioned, awaiting disposal-Docked at NISMF, Bremerton, WA
CVN-65 Enterprise 1961 Enterprise-class supercarrier, lead ship Active
CV-66 America 1965 Kitty Hawk-class supercarrier Decommission in 1995 and scuttled in 2005
CV-67 John F. Kennedy 1968 Kennedy-class supercarrier, lead ship Decommissioned in 2007, on donation hold-Docked at NISMF, Philadelphia, PA
CVN-68 Nimitz 1975 Nimitz-class supercarrier, lead ship Active
CVN-69 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1977 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-70 Carl Vinson 1981 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-71 Theodore Roosevelt 1986 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-72 Abraham Lincoln 1989 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-73 George Washington 1992 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-74 John C. Stennis 1995 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-75 Harry S. Truman 1998 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-76 Ronald Reagan 2003 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-77 George H.W. Bush 2009 Nimitz-class supercarrier Active
CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford 2015 Ford-class supercarrier, lead ship Keel laid
CVN-79 unnamed 2019 Ford-class supercarrier Planned: A petition has also been set up for CVN-79 to be named as the ninth "USS Enterprise" after projected retirement of CVN-65 Enterprise in 2013.
CVN-80 unnamed 2023 Ford-class supercarrier Planned

a): converted for jets, CVA, 1952

b): converted for jets, CVA, 1952. Converted to ASW, CVS, 1953-69

c): converted to amphibious command ship, LPH, 1959

d): converted for training, CVT, 1969

 

 
NIMITZ CLASS - IMAGES

             

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NIMITZ CLASS - CHARACTERISTICS

USS Nimitz (CVN-68)
Is a supercarrier in the United States Navy, the lead ship of her class. She is one of the largest warships in the world. She was laid down, launched and commissioned as CVAN-68, but was redesignated CVN 68 (nuclear-powered multimission aircraft carrier) on 30 June 1975 as part of the fleet realignment of that year.

The ship was named for World War II Pacific fleet commander Chester W. Nimitz, who was the Navy’s last fleet admiral. Unlike all subsequent Nimitz class carriers, Nimitz only uses her namesake's surname. She is also the only carrier of her class and the most recent supercarrier not to be named for someone who held elective office in the United States.

Nimitz was homeported at Naval Station Norfolk until 1987, when she was relocated to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington. After her mid-life overhaul and nuclear reactor refueling in 2001, Nimitz was relocated to NAS North Island, in San Diego, California.

General characteristics


Class and type: Nimitz-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: 100,000 long tons (110,000 short tons)
Length: Overall: 1,092 feet (332.8 m)
Waterline: 1,040 feet (317.0 m)
Beam: Overall: 252 ft (76.8 m)
Waterline: 134 ft (40.8 m)
Draft: Maximum navigational: 37 ft (11.3 m)
Limit: 41 ft (12.5 m)

Propulsion:
2 × Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors
4 × steam turbines
4 × shafts
260,000 shp (194 MW)
Speed: 31.5 knots (58.3 km/h)
Range: Essentially unlimited distance; 20 years
Complement: Ship's company: 3,200
Air wing: 2,480

Sensors and processing systems:
AN/SPS-48E 3-D air search radar
AN/SPS-49(V)5 2-D air search radar
AN/SPQ-9B target acquisition radar
AN/SPN-46 air traffic control radars
AN/SPN-43C air traffic control radar
AN/SPN-41 landing aid radars
4 × Mk 91 NSSM guidance systems
4 × Mk 95 radars

Electronic warfare and decoys:
SLQ-32A(V)4 Countermeasures suite
SLQ-25A Nixie torpedo countermeasures

Armament: 2 × 21 cell Sea RAM
2 × Mk 29 Sea Sparrow

Armor:
Classified

Aircraft carried: 90 fixed wing and helicopters



CVN 78 GERALD FORD - NEW CLASS


PCU Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) is to be the lead ship of her class of United States Navy supercarriers. As announced by the U.S. Navy on 16 January 2007, the ship is named after the 38th President of the United States Gerald R. Ford, whose World War II naval service included combat duty aboard the light aircraft carrier Monterey in the Pacific Theater.

The keel of Gerald R. Ford was laid down on 13 November 2009. Construction began on 11 August 2005, when Northrop Grumman held a ceremonial steel cut for a 15-ton plate that forms part of a side shell unit of the carrier. She was christened on 9 November 2013. The schedule calls for the ship to join the U.S. Navy's fleet in 2016. Gerald R. Ford will enter the fleet replacing the inactive USS Enterprise (CVN-65), which ended her 51 years of active service in December 2012.






Name: USS Gerald R. Ford
Namesake: Gerald R. Ford
Awarded: 10 September 2008
Builder: Northrop Grumman Newport News
Laid down: 13 November 2009
Sponsored by: Susan Ford
Commissioned: est. 2015
Status: Under construction

General characteristics

Class & type: Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: Approximately 100,000 long tons (110,000 short tons; 100,000 tonnes) (full load)
Length: 1,106 ft (337 m)
Beam: 256 ft (78 m)
Height: nearly 250 ft (76 m)
Decks: 25
Installed power: Two A1B nuclear reactors
Propulsion: Four shafts
Speed: In excess of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: Unlimited distance; 20-25 years
Complement: 4,660
Armament: Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile
Rolling Airframe Missile
Close-in weapons system (CIWS)
Aircraft carried: More than 75
Aviation facilities: 1,092 ft × 256 ft (333 m × 78 m) flight deck


Construction
On 10 September 2008, the U.S. Navy signed a $5.1 billion contract with Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding in Newport News, Virginia, to design and construct the carrier. Northrop had begun advance construction of the carrier under a $2.7 billion contract in 2005. The carrier is being constructed at the Huntington Ingalls (formerly Northrop Grumman) Newport News Shipbuilding facilities in Hampton Roads, Virginia, which employs 19,000 workers.
The keel of the new warship was ceremonially laid on 14 November 2009 in Dry Dock 12 by Ford's daughter, Susan Ford Bales. Said Bales in a speech to the assembled shipworkers and DoD officials: "Dad met the staggering challenges of restoring trust in the presidency and healing the nation's wounds after Watergate in the only way he knew how — with complete honesty and integrity. And that is the legacy we remember this morning."
As of August 2011, the carrier was reported to be "structurally halfway complete". In April 2012, it was said to be 75 percent complete. On 24 May 2012, the important milestone of completing the vessel up to the waterline was reached when the critical lower bow was lifted into place. This was the 390th of the nearly 500 lifts of the integral modular components (from which the vessel is assembled) that the ship's construction will ultimately require. On 8 October 2012, the carrier reached over the 88 percent of the complete structural construction. Huntington Ingalls reported (in an 8 Nov. 2012 GLOBE NEWSWIRE press release) that they have "Reached 87 percent structural completion of CVN-78 Gerald R. Ford". By 19 December 2012, construction had reached 90 percent structural completion. "Of the nearly 500 total structural lifts needed to complete the ship, 446 have been accomplished."

The island was originally scheduled to land in 2012. However, the island landing and ceremony actually took place on 26 January 2013.
On 9 April 2013, the flight deck of the carrier was completed following the addition of the ship's upper bow section, bringing the ship to 96 percent structural completion.
On 7 May 2013, the last of 162 superlifts was put in place, bringing the ship to 100 percent structural completion. Remaining work that needs to be done includes hull painting, shafting work, completion of electrical systems, mooring equipment, installation of radar arrays, and flooding of the dry dock.
On 11 July 2013, a time capsule was welded into a small room just above the floor, continuing a long Navy tradition. The time capsule holds items chosen by President Ford's daughter, Susan Ford Bales, and includes sandstone from the White House, Navy coins, and aviator wings from its first commanding officer.
The ship was originally scheduled for launch in July 2013 and delivery in 2015. Production delays meant that the launch had to be delayed until 11 October 2013 and the naming ceremony until 9 November 2013, with delivery in February 2016.
On 3 October 2013, Gerald Ford had four 30 ton, 21 ft (6.4 m)-diameter bronze propellers installed. The installation of the propellers required more than 10 months of work to install the underwater shafting.

On 11 October 2013, the ship's drydock was flooded for the first time in order to test various seawater-based systems. Her launch date was set to be on the same day as her naming ceremony on 9 November 2013.
On 9 November 2013, the ship was christened by Ford's daughter with a bottle of champagne.
As of 2013, construction costs are estimated at $12.8 billion, 22% over the 2008 budget, plus $4.7 billion in research and development costs. Because of budget difficulties, the Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Jonathan Greenert, has warned there may be a two year delay beyond 2016 in completing Gerald R. Ford.


Performance improvements
Gerald R. Ford is intended to be the first of a class of aircraft carriers that offer significant performance improvements over the previous Nimitz-class aircraft carrier. Gerald R. Ford is equipped with an active electronically scanned array multi-function radar, and an island that is shorter in length and 20 feet (6.1 m) taller than that of the Nimitz-class; it is set 140 feet (43 m) further aft and 3 feet (0.91 m) closer to the edge of the ship. Electromagnetic catapults (EMALS) will launch aircraft, eliminating the need to store water and heat it for steam catapults. Gerald R. Ford can accomplish 25% more aircraft launches per day than the Nimitz-class and requires 25% fewer crew members. The Navy estimates it will save $4 billion in operating costs over a 50 year lifespan.

According to an Associated Press story:
"'She is truly a technological marvel,' Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert said in a webcast ceremony at the Newport News, Va., shipyard where Gerald R. Ford is being built. 'She will carry unmanned aircraft, joint strike fighters, and she will deploy lasers.'"
However these performance enhancers have proven problematic in Pentagon tests. In January 2014, the annual Director, Operational Test, and Evaluation (DOT&E) report said that critical ship systems including the EMALS, Advanced Arresting Gear (AAG), Dual Band Radar, and weapons elevators were not reliable enough and needed more testing and improvements. EMALS testing recorded 201 launch failures out of 1,967 launches, equaling a reliability rate of 240 mean cycles (launching of one aircraft) between critical failures. Testing of the AAG recorded 9 arresting failures out of 71 attempts, equaling a reliability rate of 20 mean cycles (recovery of one aircraft) between operational mission failure, a failure rate 248 times higher than should be expected. Those systems performed at a fraction of their requirements for shipboard configurations, and even less of required standards. Radar and weapons elevator test data was not made available, but were also below expectations. The Navy maintains that further testing will resolve the problems. Gerald R. Ford is projected to be able to generate 30 percent more sorties than Nimitz-class carriers, but the DOT&E report claims that is too optimistic, though the Navy also maintains that assumption based on modeling and simulations. Gerald R. Ford is planned to complete Initial Operational Test & Evaluation in 2017 before entering service.

 
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